2003: Who Shot Mohammed Al Durah? (James Fallows in The Atlantic)

Who Shot Mohammed al-Dura?


The image of a boy shot dead in his helpless father’s arms during an Israeli confrontation with Palestinians has become the Pietà of the Arab world. Now a number of Israeli researchers are presenting persuasive evidence that the fatal shots could not have come from the Israeli soldiers known to have been involved in the confrontation. The evidence will not change Arab minds—but the episode offers an object lesson in the incendiary power of an icon

The ...

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2008: Al Durah: A Hoax? (Nidra Poller in the Wall Street Journal)

A Hoax?
Nidra Poller

Originally published in the Wall Street Journal on May 27, 2008

September 30, 2000, Netzarim Junction in the Gaza Strip: France 2 correspondent Charles Enderlin offers the world a front seat on the video shooting of Mohammed al-Durra and his father Jamal. Targeted, according to Mr. Enderlin’s voice-over commentary, by “gunfire from the direction of the Israeli positions.” A few seconds later: “Mohammed is dead, his father is critically wounded.” The France 2 cameraman, later identified as ...

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2013: Pallywood, the Al Durah Affair and Lethal Narratives (Landes)

The ongoing French legal proceedings in which the national television network France 2 seeks a criminal defamation judgement against the media critic Philip Karsenty over the network’s launch of the Aldurah Affair in September 2000 comes back yet again before a Paris appellate court on Wednesday January 16, 2013. It’s an important case for multiple reasons. Prof. Landes is an American historian, associate professor in the Department of History at Boston University, and an author specializing in millennialism.

Al Durah and ...

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2011: Pallywood, Muhammad al Durah and Cognitive Warfare in the 21st Century



2011: Pallywood, Muhammad al Durah and Cognitive Warfare in the 21st Century
 This paper was originally published on November 9, 2011, and was delivered by the author as a presentation to the ASMEA Conference, Washington DC, November 4, 2011.

Richard Landes, Boston University

I’d like to make two arguments. First, that the image of the IDF ...

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CAMERA’s Al Durah Timeline

Al Durah Timeline

Extracted from
Mohammed Al Dura: Anatomy of a French Media Scandal

Originally published October 13, 2005
Ricki Hollander, Gilead Ini
Source: http://www.camera.org/index.asp?x_article=855&x_context=3

Original report: October 13, 2005
Updated: June 15, 2010


Sept. 30, 2000:

Palestinian gunmen and Israelis soldiers clash at the Netzarim junction in the Gaza Strip. A large contingent of foreign reporters, photographers and television crews are present, including France 2 cameraman Talal Abu Rahma. Much of the day’s events are filmed by the various ...

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The Five Scenarios


There are five main ways to explain the footage that Talal Abu Rahma shot at Netzarim Junction of Muhammad and Jamal Al Durah. Four of them assume that the boy was indeed shot.

The first one we consider, shot by the Israelis on purpose, is the one that both Talal and Jamal have insisted upon.

The second, shot by the Israelis by accident, is one that many people, accepting most but not all of the eyewitness testimony, find most plausible.

The third and ...

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Pallywood FAQ

Pallywood FAQ

Richard A. Landes

This document originally appeared on seconddraft.org

What’s the best introduction to Pallywood? 

The sources themselves. Go to the pages where we have posted the raw footage from three Palestinian cameramen, working for major Western news agencies at Netzarim Junction on Sept. 30, 2000, and judge for yourself if what you see filmed represents real or staged “events.” Only then should you investigate further and read the opinion of others.

How did you acquire these tapes? 

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Talal Abu Rahma


Palestinian cameraman who works for CNN and for France 2. Talal Abu Rahma filmed the al-Dura incident, the one shot that started the second intifada. Abu Rahma received many honorary awards from organizations and festivals for his unique footage of Al-Dura, including one from Carthage Cinema Festival in Tunisia in 2000; the Badge of Courage from the Palestinian Journalists’ syndicate in 2000; Festival Scoop 2000 in France; ...

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Olivier Mazerolle

Olivier MazerolleNews director of France 2 at the time of the Al Dura broadcast. Found guilty by the Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel (CSA) – an administrative authority over audiovisual media whose councillors are appointed by the French government – of journalistic breaches of ethics, he resigned his post on February 11, 2004 after having approved a false news report that Alain Juppe was leaving politics after his conviction for corruption. ...

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