of the Al Durah Affair

September 30, 2000:
Netzarim – Al-Durah. The father and son seek cover from gunfire and are shot, allegedly by Israelis; the son is killed and the father receives several gun wounds before he is evacuated to a hospital.

Charles Enderlin, Jerusalem bureau chief for France 2, declares the boy killed by Israeli fire, and all major news networks pick up the line. Enderlin and France 2 distribute the 55-second footage to all the networks free of charge.

October 1, 2000:
Southern Command general Yom Tov Samia first denies fault in the boy’s death,
pending an investigation (Israel TV Channel 1).

Talal Abu Rahma is interviewed on National Public Radio program All Things Considered. Host Jacki Lyden asks him to recount his version of the shooting. Listen to the interview, or read the transcript.

October 2, 2000
Robert Fisk, editor of The Independent , writes an article titled ‘Where caught in the crossfire can leave no room for doubt,’ about the press’s cowardice in its reluctance to implicate Israel in the killing of al-Durah.

The Telegraph (UK), though not as inflammatory as Fisk, notes al-Durah’s death as ‘a provocation for revenge attacks.’

October 3, 2000:

Cameraman Talal Abu Rahma signs a written statement giving his version of the events. It is available in English here.

Israeli chief of army operations Giora Eiland claims responsibility for and regret over al-Durah’s death ( BBC , CNN ) after a hurried preliminary investigation, thereby overriding Samia’s objections.

Award-winning journalist Suzanne Goldenberg, of the Guardian (UK), publishes a lengthy article titled ‘The Making of a Martyr,’ in which Mohammed is eulogized and Israelis demonized.

Paris daily Le Monde publishes two articles devoted to Mohammed al-Durah. One is called, ‘the death of a child,’ and the other, ‘the emblematic child of Palestine. Both articles lament the inhumanity of the murder, and, naturally, condemn the perpetrators harshly.

October 4, 2000

Le Monde reports that IDF major general Moshe Ya’alon admitted the possibility that one of his soldiers could have potentially mistaken the boy and his father for gunmen, and thus fired in their direction.

October 5, 2000

Jamal al-Durah “seeks international justice” for the killing of his son,
Mohammed. Jamal accuses the Israeli soldiers of murder.

October 6, 2000

The Arab League, meeting in Cairo, dedicates October 1 as the ‘day of Arab children,’ in honor of Mohammed al-Durra (El Mundo).

October 7, 2000

IDF destroys the wall behind which were hiding Jamal and Mohammed al-Durah, thereby relegating all future investigations of the incident to the realm of simulation.

October 8, 2000

Editorial published in the Boston Globe ( and since reprinted elsewhere ) by Israeli writer Helen Schary Motro describes a personal relationship with Jamal al-Durah, and paints a very different portrait of the man from that which can be gleaned from his other statements.

October 10, 2000

An article in Paris daily Le Monde discusses the losing battle Israel is waging in the war of images, largely a result of their murder of al-Durah, an obviously innocent victim.

October 11, 2000

Le Monde publishes a feature article about the life of Mohammed al-Durah, and the squalor in which is family continues to live after his death.

October 12, 2000

Le Monde discusses the most poignant images of the Intifada thus far, with that of al-Durah ranking at the top.

October 16, 2000

People Weekly runs a brief article about the Mohammed al-Durah tragedy titled “No Way Out: The death of a terrified Palestinian child, caught in a crossfire, shocks even a world accustomed to carnage.”

The Telegraph (UK) describes the determination of Palestinians at the outset of the Intifada. The article is called, ‘We’ll buy freedom with our blood, warn Gaza’s children.’

October 23, 2000

Physicist Nahum Shahaf and engineer Yosef Doriel lead a re-enactment of the scene under the auspices of Yom Tov Samia. The analysis raises serious doubts about Israel’s culpability. Doriel’s report can be seen here.

October 24, 2000
CBS’ 60 Minutes II, with Bob Simon, films an episode about the escalating Intifada. They dismiss the IDF investigation overtly, and Doriel is removed from the inquiry for prematurely presenting his provocative views to the crew.

October 25, 2000

Charles Enderlin gives an interview in French magazine Télérama, in which he asserts the following : “I cut the images of the child’s agony (death throes), they were unbearable. The story was told, the news delivered. It would not have added anything more…As for the moment when the child received the bullets, it was not even filmed.”

French daily Le Monde reports that Abu Rahma receives an award at the Journées cinématographiques de Carthage, and al-Durah is the ‘posthumous star’ of the event.

October 30, 2000

Jamal al-Durah participates in an online forum discussion on, in
which he answers questions about the shooting.

November 4, 2000

The New York Times reports that Physicians for Human Rights concluded, based on forensic evidence, that the death of Issam Judeh on October 8, 2000, was a result of a traffic accident, and not a murder, as Palestinian officials loudly claimed. Despite the finding, officials—citing the lack of an autopsy (prohibited in Muslim practice)—refused to concede their version of Judeh’s death. The Boston-based group, however, still maintained that Mohammed al-Durah was killed by Israeli M-16 rounds on September 30, 2000.

November 7, 2000

Ha’aretz journalist Anat Cygielman publishes a damning report on the IDF investigation headed by Nahum Shahaf and Yosef Doriel, calling the investigation amateurish.

November 8, 2000

Chief of Staff Shaul Mofaz distances himself from the IDF investigation, saying it was the private initiative of Yom Tov Samia, head of Southern Command.

November 9, 2000

CNN reports on the surge in songs supporting the Intifada, recalling al-Durah in particular.

November 10, 2000

The editorial board of Ha’aretz harshly criticizes the ongoing IDF investigation in article entitled ‘Stupidity Marches On.’

November 27, 2000

The IDF officially releases the findings of its investigation. Samia claims the probability of Israeli bullets hitting the child is low. The press conference
receives negative attention in Israel. Charles Enderlin, meanwhile, reaffirms his confidence in Abu Rahma, his cameraman.

November 30, 2000

The London Review of Books (LBR) publishes Mahmoud Darwish’s ‘Requiem for Mohammad al-Dura,’ a poem portraying the boy as the symbol of the Intifada. Read the poem here .

December 2000

David Kupelian, managing editor of World Net Daily, publishes his exposé, ‘Who Killed Mohammed al-Dura?’ in which he posits that the boy was killed by his own people for purposes of propaganda.

December 19, 2000

Sarah Waheed, of Media Monitors Network, emboldened by al-Durah’s killing, writes an article titled, quite straightforwardly, ‘Israeli Army Kills Palestinian Children.’

December 24, 2000

More than 150 schools in Iran are named after Mohammed al-Durah, in solidarity with the Palestinian Intifada, reports IRNA, Iran’s news agency.

December 25, 2000

Time Magazine Europe names Mohammed al-Durah a Newsmaker for 2000.


January 7, 2001
An article reenacting, in heartrending detail, Mohamed al-Durah’s final moments is posted on

January 11, 2001

The Mirror (UK) interviews Jamal al-Durah in a very moving piece about the shooting.

January 17, 2001

Talal Abu Rahma is awarded ‘Le Prix de la Communication Culturelle Nord-Sud,’ though he is forced to share the prize with ‘all of the children of the Intifada.’

April 2, 2001

Talal Abu Rahma gives in interview with a Moroccan newspaper, Le Matin du Sahara et du Maghreb in which he explains that he went into Journalism “as a means to defend the Palestinian cause.”

May 2, 2001

Talal Abu Rahma is honored at the Arab Media Awards, though the evening’s real star was “Al Aqsa Intifada.”

July 30, 2001

Talal Abu Rahma, in an interview with the newspaper Al-Ahrar, reprinted by , reasserted his earlier claims of Israeli brutality in al-Durah’s killing.

September 30, 2001

The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs publishes an article, “Death of a Palestinian Child,” in its August/September issue, in which proof is offered that Israel was the culprit in al-Durah’s death.

October 18, 2001

Talal Abu Rahma is awarded the Sony International Impact Award at the Rory Peck Trust Awards in London.

November 16, 2001

Julia Magnet, “a young, Jewish New-Yorker,” writing for the Telegraph (UK) describes Osama Bin Laden’s recruitment video in detail. On page 4, Mohammed al-Durah’s role in the video is elaborated upon. This is the video on which Magnet is commenting.

December 22, 2001

NPR’s On the Media devotes a program to ‘The Images of Mohammed al-Durah,’ in which Charles Enderlin, Jamal al-Durah, and Talal Abu Rahma are interviewed. Enderlin claims that “the sad story of Mohammed al-Durrah belongs to the sad reality of this region,” while Abu Rahma pledges proud loyalty to his nation—journalism.


February 21, 2002

The video showing Daniel Pearl’s grisly murder is released. Mohammed al-Durah is portrayed repeatedly throughout the clip. Watch the video here (it is fairly gruesome—be advised).

March 18, 2002

German filmmaker Esther Schapira releases her film, “Three Bullets and a Dead
Child: Who Shot Mohammed al-Dura?” in which she concludes that Israeli bullets could not have killed the boy. France 2, sister station of the German ARD which produced the film, refuses to air it.

March 19, 2002

Several prominent Israeli dailies— Yediot Aharonot , the Jerusalem Post , Ha’aretz , Israel Insider and Israel National News/Arutz-7 —devote coverage to Schapira’s movie. Outside of Israel, however, the film makes little immediate impact.

March 20, 2002

Tom Segev, of Israeli daily Ha’aretz, publishes a scathing editorial on Schapira’s movie, dismissing its conclusions outright.

July 15, 2002

Amnon Lord, Israeli journalist and author publishes ‘Who killed Mohamed al-Dura? Blood Libel—Model 2000’ , arguing that indeed the event was staged.

September 19, 2002

Nahum Shahaf, physicist and leader of the IDF’s original investigation, is interviewed by the MENA. Shahaf vigorously contends that the event was entirely staged.

September 30, 2002

Talal abu Rahma sends a fax to France 2 offices in Jerusalem, rescinding his testimony of October 3, 2000, claiming that it was given under duress:

talal's fax

I never said to the Palestinian Human Rights organization in Gaza that the Israeli soldiers killed willfully and knowingly Mohamed al Durah ad wounded his father. All I always said in all the interviews I gave is that form where I was, I saw the shooting coming from the Israeli position. Talal Abu Rahma

October 1, 2002

France 2 director Olivier Mazerolle sends a letter of support to Charles Enderlin, saying France 2 is behind him.

Charles Gouz, a French physician, republishes an article on his website an article by Stéphane Juffa of MENA condemning the protest and the award of the “Disinformation Prize” to Charles Enderlin. This article, available in French , was the alleged cause of France 2’s lawsuit against him.

Charles Enderlin gives an interview, in French , on, in which he makes a case for the legitimacy of his broadcast, citing, in large part, Israel’s admission of guilt in the matter.

October 2, 2002

France 2 director Olivier Mazerolle declares that Schapira’s film “does not present anything new.”

Thousands of demonstrators protest outside France 2 offices in Paris for their mishandling of the al-Durah footage. The Jewish Defense League debates, but ultimately does not, award Charles Enderlin the “Prize for Disinformation.”

October 4, 2002

Charles Enderlin denounces a campaign of intimidation against his family in the French magazine l’Humanité.

November 2002

The Metula News Agency (MENA) releases a documentary entitled ‘Al Dura – The Investigation’, in which they allege that the entire affair was staged.

November 18, 2002

The Metula News Agency (MENA) headed by Stéphane Juffa, requests a meeting
with France 2 in order to conduct an investigation of the al-Durah incident. France 2 does not reply.

December, 2002

In Le Monde Diplomatique, a monthly supplement to the daily Le Monde, Charles Enderlin lashes out at his critics ( subscription required ).


January 13, 2003

French author Gérard Huber releases his book Contre-expertise d’un mise en scene (Editions Raphaël). In the book, Huber argues that the event was staged. An English summary of the book is available here . A review by Veronique Chemla, here; an interview with the author here.

March 5, 2003

David Kupelian of World Net Daily dramatically concludes , in the monthly Whistleblower, that the entire Mohammed al-Dura affair was a hoax. This article is reprinted in World Net Daily on April 26, 2003.

April 4, 2003

Amnon Lord publishes an article in Makor Rishon detailing General Samia’s misgivings about the culpability of Israeli soldiers in al-Durah’s death. It is available only in French .

June 2003

James Fallows of the Atlantic Monthly becomes the first ‘mainstream’ journalist to shed light on the controversial issue. His conclusion is the minimal one: the Israelis could not have shot the boy.

Adam Rose, founder of , publishes a response to James Fallows on his website. He claims that the symbolic truth of the killing is more important than the factual truth, though he does not deny the factual truth.

June 13, 2003

Shehryar Fazli, writing for the Daily Times of Pakistan, attacks the ‘revisionists’ for trying to sully the symbolic significance of the al-Durah image.

July 1, 2003

Saudi designer Yahya al-Bishri designs a dress depicting the murder of Mohammed al-Durah.

July 10, 2003

Stéphane Juffa, of MENA, gives an interview , in French, on Primo-Europe, a French media watch site devoted to analyzing European coverage of the Middle East. He discusses Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, as well as the al-Durah case.

September 2003

Charles Enderlin responds to James Fallows’ article with a letter to the Atlantic Monthly: “We do not transform reality. But since some parts of the scene are unbearable, France 2 cut a few seconds from the scene, in accordance with our ethical charter.”
Esther Schapira also clarifies her position: “I’ve always said that I see more significant hints (but no proof) that he [Al Dura] was shot by Palestinians.”

December 25, 2003

Jean-Paul Ney, editor of the online magazine Le Confidentiel , publishes an article in the Metula News Agency (MENA), entitled “ Affaire Al-Dura : l’autopsie d’un mensonge .” It is reprinted in Le Confidentiel in its January/February 2004 issue.


February 16, 2004

SNPCA, the union of which France 2 is a part, questions the director of France 2 regarding, among other things, the Mohammed al-Durah affair.

June 17, 2004

The Israel Hasbara Committee publishes an article by Nidra Poller and Gérard Huber titled ‘Blood Libel International,’ to, in which they outline the case thus far. It appeared originally at Makor Rishon, in Hebrew, and subsequently at Atlas Shrugs .

July 14, 2004

French filmmaker Pierre Rehov , in an article published in World Net Daily , reveals his beliefs that the al-Durah events were staged. Rehov has since committed himself in part to documenting this development.

August 27, 2004

The Jerusalem Post, in the last of a four-part series on Palestinian life four years
into the Intifada, publishes a feature article about the al-Durahs, and their continued manipulation at the hands of Hamas and Tanzim.

September 2004

Reader’s Digest examines past and present manipulations of news photography. Media Backspin excerpts the portion of the article discussing Mohammed al-Durah.

September 7, 2004

Lee Kaplan favorably reviews and analyzes Esther Schapira’s movie about the al-Durah affair on

October 22, 2004

France 2 relents under constant pressure and allows three journalists, Luc Rosenzweig, Denis Jeambar, and Daniel Leconte, to view the complete rushes of Talal from that day.

November 3, 2004

Stéphane Juffa relates, in page-turning prose, the deterioration of France 2’s circular arguments and insipid excuses when faced with the persistent skepticism of Rosenzweig, Leconte, and Jeambar. However, he mistakenly titles the piece “The al-Dura case: a dramatic conclusion.”

November 11, 2004

Juffa updates the public on the status of the al-Durah case in the online magazine (English).

November 16, 2004

France 2 News Director, in an interview with French radio station Radio J, admits that it is impossible to know with 100% certainty whether the Israelis or the Palestinians killed the boy. The interview (in French and in mp3 format) is available here .

November 18, 2004

At a press conference, France 2 news director Arlette Chabot declares the station’s intention to file suit against defendants ‘X’ for defamation, in response to allegations that the al-Durah footage was staged. Available here (in French).

November 19, 2004

French magazine Télérama examines the possibility that the event was staged, presenting evidence from both sides.

November 22, 2004

Philippe Karsenty publishes an article on his website, Media Ratings, calling for the resignation of Charles Enderlin and Arlette Chabot. It is over this article that France 2 will sue Karsenty for defamation.

November 25, 2004

French MP Roland Blum writes to the Minister of Communication demanding
evidence that Mohammed al-Durah was in fact killed by Israeli soldiers.

November 26, 2004

Stéphane Juffa, of MENA, authors an article in the Wall Street Journal Europe titled “The Mythical Martyr.” It is reprinted here .

Nidra Poller publishes an article in the New York Sun lambasting the French media for its role in the scandal.

December 7, 2004

The French administrative body presiding over audio-visual media (CSA) meets to discuss France 2’s handling of the footage, following a complaint written by MENA writer Serge Farnel. Its recommendations are reprinted here , on Farnel’s website devoted to the al-Durah affair.

December 28, 2004

Alyssa Lappen writes an article in Front Page Magazine titled “The Israeli Crime That Wasn’t,” in which she discusses al-Durah and other media manipulations.


January 13, 2005

Cybercast News Service publishes an article about France 2’s tactics in combating accusations made by Karsenty, Juffa, and others, about the authenticity of Mohammed al-Durah’s death.

World Editor’s Forum briefly expresses it concern that mainstream French has ignored “this polemical story”, though they take no stance on the authenticity of the al-Durah images.

January 20, 2005

Israel National News publishes an article about France 2’s campaign of intimidation against its critics.

January 25, 2005

Jeambar and Leconte publish an op-ed in French daily Le Figaro in which they deny any concrete proof that al-Durah was even killed.

January 27, 2005

Charles Enderlin responds to Jeambar and Leconte with an article in Le Figaro. He claims that “the image [of al-Dura] symbolized what was happening at the time not only in Gaza but also in the West Bank.”

February 1, 2005

Jeambar and Leconte are interviewed on Radio J, a Franco-Jewish radio station. They describe staged scenes for 24 out of the 27 minutes of the footage and speculate about the material evidence used to condemn the Israelis of al-Durah’s death.

February 3, 2005

Luc Rosenzweig, a French journalist, and writer for MENA, publishes an
article in French accusing Enderlin of lying about the nature of the footage.

February 6, 2005

An article in the International Herald Tribune summarizes the controversy thus far. Though the reporter was allowed to view the rushes, she did not conclude that the event was staged. The article is available here .

Pierre Lurçat, a French-born Israeli lawyer, and former member of the Ligue de Defense Juive, is summoned to appear in court on the charges of defamation against France 2 for his role in organizing the demonstrations of October 2, 2002.

February 10, 2005

In an Internet forum discussion on Nouvel Observateur, a French website, Charles Enderlin insists that the only difference he would make if he were presenting the al-Durah case again, would involve including the child’s death-throes [agonie] in the video footage.

February 15, 2005

Cybercast News Service writer Eva Cahen publishes an article detailing the ongoing controversy and interviewing some of the major players.

February 22, 2005

CAMERA reprints a piece Andrea Levin wrote for the Jerusalem Post a day earlier in which she accuses the French media of overt mendacity.

February 23, 2005

MENA head Stéphane Juffa attacks the ‘third way’ of Jeambar, Leconte, and Rosenzweig for not espousing the theory that the al-Durah murder was staged.

February 26, 2005

Elisabeth Lévy, of radio station France Culture, interviews Daniel Leconte about the power and influence of the Mohammed al-Durah images. A partial transcript here in French.

March 3, 2005

Clifford D. May, founder of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD), calls on French president Jacques Chirac to exercise his authority and reveal the truth of the al-Durah matter .

March 13, 2005

A long entry on Big Bang Blog, by Daniel Schneidermann, analyzes the case and concludes that Charles Enderlin has been the unjust target of criticism ( in French )

April 20, 2005

IDF Chief of Staff Moshe Ya’alon says, of al-Durah “One hundred percent he was not hit by IDF gunfire. He was apparently shot by a Palestinian police officer.”

September 2005

Commentary Magazine publishes a lengthy and in-depth article by Nidra Poller detailing the entire case and offering insightful commentary on the state of European—particularly French—press.

September 7, 2005

The International Herald Tribune publishes a feature piece on the al-Durah family titled, ‘One martyr from this family is enough.’ The article shows the manipulation of the al-Durah tragedy by Palestinian elites, and the continued suffering of the al-Durahs.

September 9, 2005

Yale professor David Gelernter authors a column in the Los Angeles Times in which he affirms that the Mohammed al-Durah shooting was staged, basing his conclusion in large part on Nidra Poller’s essay in Commentary magazine. The article is reprinted here .

September 13, 2005

World Net Daily comments on David Gelernter’s column in the Los Angeles Times, specifically regarding the latter’s delayed ‘discovery’ of the Mohammed al-Durah hoax. WND, of course, had been on the case for five years at that point. Managing editor David Kupelian even released a book, The Marketing of Evil, in which he deals with the al-Durah case at length.

September 15, 2005

Richard Landes, history professor at Boston University, launches his 20-minute documentary , Pallywood, on the Second Draft website. He argues that al-Durah is merely the most famous instance of a larger practice of staging news events among Palestinians.

September 28, 2005

Fawaz Turki, a senior columnist for Arab News, urges his readers to remember, on the five-year anniversary of the Intifada’s outbreak, the image of Mohammed al-Durah and its symbolic power.

December 2005

Richard Landes’ blog, the Augean Stables , is launched. It provides coverage of the al-Durah affair, as well as a running commentary on breaking news in Middle Eastern cinematography, politics, and current events .

December 12, 2005

Ma’ariv, an Israeli daily with no English translation, publishes an article speculating on the current well being of Mohammed al-Durah. Translated into English by Richard Landes.

December 20, 2005

The al-Durah dossier and movie is made available on the Second Draft.


March 14, 2006

Media watch group ACMEDIAS posts a petition on their site, complete with 4000 signatures, in an attempt to force France 2 to release the al-Durah footage to the public.

May 14, 2006

Yosef Duriel, the engineer who wrote a report about the original IDF investigation in October 2000, sued Aharon Hauptman regarding a letter Hauptman wrote to Ha’aretz in November 2000 criticizing Duriel’s investigation. Judge Shoshana Almagor ruled in favor of the defendant, further attacking the plaintiff’s report.

May 16, 2006

Front Page Magazine’s Jamie Glazov interviews Karsenty on subjects ranging from al-Dura to French anti-Semitism to France’s economic situation. Among other things, Karsenty says the following: “the Al Dura controversy is the biggest media scandal in the world.”

May 24, 2006

World Net Daily writer Cinnamon Shenker writes an article about Karsenty , and the upcoming trial against him.

June 17, 2006

Charles Enderlin participates in a panel discussion on the radio program “L’Hebdo du médiateur,” (The Weekly Moderator), in which he reasserts the authenticity of the original footage, citing the ruling against Duriel as proof. A transcript of the show in French appears at

September 10, 2006

In anticipation of the trial, Honest Reporting interviews Philippe Karsenty about the case, the al-Durah video, and the implications of the lawsuits.

September 14, 2006

The first trial in France 2’s defamation suit commences. Philippe Karsenty, founder and editor of Media Ratings , is the defendant. The Augean Stables , Pajamas Media , and Le Figaro , a Paris daily, all cover the proceedings extensively.

September 16, 2006

French daily Le Figaro covers the al Durah trial.

September 17, 2006

The International Herald Tribune covers the first round of the France 2 trials.

October 17, 2006

Richard Landes publishes an article in The New Republic, called Camera Obscura: How French TV fudged the death of Mohammed Al Durah.

October 19, 2006

The French judicial system rules in favor of France 2 in its suit accusing Philippe Karsenty of defamation. An English version of the court’s decision is available at the Augean Stables .

French weekly L’Express runs an article on the court’s decision. The English translation, as well as a sound and thorough Fisking is available at the Augean Stables.

Israeli news network Arutz 7 also covers the trial.

Ellen Horowitz publishes Part I of her three-part series, ‘Between Art and News’ at Israel Insider and Israel Hasbara Committee.

October 20, 2006

Part 2 of ‘Between Art and News’, by Ellen Horowitz, appears at Israel Insider.

October 23, 2006

Caroline Glick, a columnist for the Jerusalem Post calls the al Durah affair a Prime-time Blood LIbel after a French court ruled Phillippe Karsenty guilty of defamation.

The Scotsman, a Scottish paper, runs an article on the outcome of the trial.

Part 3 of ‘Between Art and News’, by Ellen Horowitz, appears at Israel Insider.

November 3, 2006

The World Politics Review publishes an article by John Rosenthal on the results of the trial.

November 28, 2006

France 2 loses its lawsuit against Pierre Lurcat, also sued by the channel for defamation. Pajamas Media carries the story.


June 13, 2007

Richard Landes releases his latest movie, Icon of Hatred. It is available at The Second Draft and YouTube: Part 1 and Part 2.

August 29, 2007

Front Page Magazine previews the upcoming Karsenty appeal, and painstakingly reviews the history of the case.

September 3, 2007

Richard Landes posts a petition demanding France 2 release the “Secret Muhammad al Durah Tapes.” The petition is available to sign here.

September 12, 2007

Philippe Karsenty’s appeal of the decision in France 2’s lawsuit against him for defamation in 2006 is heard before a French court.

September 16, 2007

Marty Peretz discusses al Durah at his blog, The Spine.

September 17, 2007

The IDF formally requests, from France 2, the complete rushes pertaining to the al Durah incident. The text of the request is availabe in French at the Augean Stables . The AP , Ha’aretz , Ma’ariv , and the Jerusalem Post cover the story.

September 19, 2007

The French appeals court judge orders the release of France2 video footage for review in court.

October 1, 2007

GPO Director Danny Seaman releases formal written acknowledgement that he considers the Al-Durah footage staged, but will not seek to revoke France2’s press credentials.

October 1, 2007

Jamal Al-Durah, Muhammed’s father, calls allegations that the footage was staged ridiculous in interview with Israel News.

October 2, 2007

James Fallows publishes a follow-up article entitled, “News on the al-Dura Front: Israeli Finding that it was Staged”, in which he declares that he is not ready to declare the affair a hoax, but he is intrigued by the efforts of Landes, et al.

October 3, 2007

The French court of Appeals issues an order to France2 to deliver the rushes to them by October 31 for viewing in court on November 14.

Arad Nir writes “All the Children are Like Yours” in Yediot Achronot, positing that it is a waste of time arguing over who killed Al-Durah. He was merely a symbol in a conflict that has claimed thousands of children.

October 4, 2007

Palestinian “Human Rights Group” calls for “impartial” investigation into the Al-Durah affair.

October 7, 2007

Gideon Levy writes “Mohammed al-Dura Lives On” in Haaretz, arguing that it does not matter if the IDF killed Al-Durah, since they have killed many Palestinian children.

November 12, 2007

BBC News publishes “Dispute Rages over al-Durrah Footage”, by Martin Patience, an uninformed piece that does not attest to serious coverage by the BBC.

November 14, 2007

Charles Enderlin presents an edited version of the rushes, only eighteen minutes (hence with about three minutes cut), in court.

November 18, 2007

Hamas security forces briefly detain Jamal al-Dura, and question him about allegedly shooting in the air during a wedding.


January 8, 2008

Israeli lawyers for France2 send letter of protest to organizers of conference at the IDC in Herzliya at which Richard Landes is speaking on “Icon of Hatred: The Muhammad al Dura Affair: From Media to Internet to Courtroom:

January 17, 2008

Charles Enderlin speaks at Harvard’s Center for European Studies about his new book, The Lost Years.

February 27, 2008

Trial hearing in France, with formal presentation of arguments. A hot, contentious, seven-hour long hearing pits an extremely prepared Philippe Karsenty and his lawyers against an nonchalant Charles Enderlin and his sarcastic lawyers until almost 10 PM. The judge allows Karsenty’s Powerpoint presentation to be shown in court.

Jean-Claude Schlinger, French ballistics expert who has been featured in French courts for two decades, presents his findings to the court that the IDF could not have killed Muhammad Al-Dura.

Charles Enderlin claims that if the Israelis had the slightest suspicion that Talal had cheated in his report on al Durah, they would have taken away his credentials.

April 23, 2008

France2 rushes up at Youtube.

May 21, 2008

The judge of the Karsenty appeals case dismisses all charges against Karsenty, overturning the lower court’s decision.

May 22, 2008

Enderlin declares on his blog that he will take the case to the highest French appeals court.

May 28, 2008

Writing in The Jerusalem Post, Larry Derfner calls Landes, Karsenty, et al, “conspiracy freaks”.

May 29, 2008

The Jerusalem Post runs an editorial on the lessons of the Al-Durah affair, entitled, “Myth & Muhammad al-Dura”.

June 4, 2008

Le Nouvel Obs publishes a petition of solidarity with Charles Enderlin, denouncing the attacks on the freedom and reputation of journalists in the case.

June 11, 2008

Richard Landes and Phillipe Karsenty publish their response to Larry Derfner’s charges in The Jerusalem Post.

June 12, 2008

The Jerusalem Post runs an article about the ongoing feud between Karsenty and the AJC.

June 13, 2008

Figaro columnist Ivan Rioufol denounces the Nouvel Obs petition supporting Charles Enderlin.

Israeli Ambassador to Franc Elie Barnavi comes out against Enderlin and France2 in the indepedent French publication Marianne.

June 18, 2008

Larry Derfner again makes his case against the “conspiracy freaks” Karsenty and Landes in his Jerusalem Post column.

June 20, 2008

Israeli newspaper Maariv runs feature in their weekend supplement on the al-Durah affair, “Just Don’t Touch their Symbol”.

June 21, 2008

The principle Palestinian Newspaper, Al-Quds, publishes a translation of an article on the Karsenty-Enderlin decision written by a reporter at The Media Line. This is the first time that Palestinian media have covered the unraveling of the Al Durah story.

June 27, 2008

Melanie Phillips’ article in Standpoint, ” Faking a Killing”, becomes the most-emailed and commented upon article in the issue.

June 28, 2008

Enderlin respond’s to Elie Barnavi’s article on his blog.

July 7, 2008

Anne-Elisabeth Moutet writes “L’Affaire Enderlin: Being a French Journalist Means Never having to Say You’re Sorry” in The Weekly Standard, after having spoken with two-thirds of the signers of the Nouvel Obs petition.


March 4, 2009

The German public broadcaster ARD airs a 52-minute documentary, with reporting by Esther Schapira and Georg Hafner, indicating that the France 2 footage of al-Durah appeared to be staged. A short French summary of the film is available at

July 14, 2009

Bernard Kouchner, French Minister of Foreign Affairs, awards the Legion of Honour to Charles Enderlin.


May 2010

The prestigious PUF (Presses Universitaires de France) publishes “The New anti-Jewish Propaganda” by Pierre-André Taguieff, which devotes 100 pages to the al-Durah case.

June 10, 2010

Philippe Karsenty wins a defamation suit against Canal + for their broadcast “The Counterfeiters of Information.” The text of the court decision, in French.

Meanwhile, Karsenty’s defamation lawsuit against L’Express is dismissed on the grounds that the journalist, Vincent Hugeux, had relied upon the reporting of Canal +.

September 2010

Robert Menard’s magazine “Medias” publishes a 5 page interview with Philippe Karsenty.

Robert Menard tells Jean Robin during a podcast interview on the website “Enquete et Debat” that he was pressured not to publish the article.

October 7, 2010

Charles Enderlin publishes a book about al-Durah entitled “A Child is Dead” ( which defends his reporting.

October 21, 2010

The Israeli Prime Minister’s office issues an official statement declaring that “it was not right to impose on the IDF and the State of Israel responsibility for the Muhammad Al Dura episode.” The statement cites the investigation of the German network ARD as well as the original IDF investigation.

November 11, 2010:

The Canadian television network CTS organizes the first adversarial debate (in English) on the Al-Dura.controversy.


8 May 2011

Judea Pearl, the father of murdered Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl, sends a letter to French President Nicolas Sarkozy requesting that he “denounce” what he refers to as the “anti-Semitic lie” of the al-Durah story. In the video of Pearl’s assassination by jihadists which was broadcast on the internet, images of the France 2 footage of al-Durah were shown in the background. Phillippe Karsenty hands the letter to the President.


January 5, 2012

Canal + lose their appeal of their conviction for defamation of Phillippe Karsenty and are sentenced. The Appeal Court decision (in French).

14 February 2012

The French Supreme Court takes up the appeal of France 2 and Charles Enderlin of the Appeals Court dismissal of their defamation suit against Philippe Karsenty. The Advocate General had filed an opinion recommending dismissal of the appeal.

15 February 2012

Dr. Yehuda David wins his appeal of defamation charges against him by Jamal al Dura, following the publication of the article published by Clément Weill-Raynal, Jewish News, entitled “The Wounds of Jamal al Dura already existed in 1993, without any Possible Ambiguity.” A detailed article about the case, in French, by Véronique Chemla.

February 28, 2012

The French Supreme Court overturns the judgment of the Court of Appeals, rendered on May 21 2008, dismissing the defamation charges against Phillippe Karsenty. The basis of the decision is that the Court of Appeals was wrong to have ordered France 2 to show the complete footage shot the day of the al-Durah incident, on the grounds that a court cannot help the accused prove his innocence. Therefore, another hearing was ordered where the issues could be re-litigated, but without the screening of the France 2 footage. The Court of Cassation decision, in French.


January 16, 2013

The new Karsenty defamation trial is currently set for January 16, 2013.

April 6, 2013

Date of Court Decision: Court announces a delay to May 22. No explanation given.

May 20, 2013

Kuperwasser Commission Report on Al Durah presented to Prime Minister Bibi Netanyahu by Minister of Strategic Affairs Yuval Steinitz. Report receives extensive news coverage.

May 22, 2013

Court again delays decision, this time until June 26. No explanation given.



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